Positive Illusory Bias and the Dual-Factor Model of Mental Health in Adolescent ADHD


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End Date February 1, 2022

Primary Contact Christian Stewart

Email cmstewart7@uh.edu

Phone (713) 714-6071

Study Details

Purpose of the Study

The purposes of this research study are to establish whether (1) adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and their parents differ in their evaluation of the adolescents’ perceived competence in domain-specific task completion, (2) a relationship exists between psychopathology/symptomology of ADHD and subjective well-being, as conceptualized by the Dual-Factor Model of Mental Health (DFM), (3) such a relationship is moderated by positive illusory bias (PIB), and (4) the PIB-moderated DFM predicts functional impairment in adolescents with ADHD. Little is known about the relationship between PIB, ADHD, and the DFM, especially in an adolescent population. Findings from this study will help ADHD
researchers and clinicians alike to have a better understanding about the role PIB plays in
functional impairment and the subjective experience of adolescents of ADHD.


To address these purposes, the following four questions will be examined: (1) What are the
differences between self-reports of adolescents with ADHD and their parents with regard to
ratings of the adolescents’ perceived competence in domain-specific task completion? (2a) What
is the relationship between ADHD symptoms and subjective well-being in these adolescents?
(2b) Does PIB influence the strength of this relationship? (3a) To what extent are adolescents
with ADHD functionally impaired, according to parent self-report? (3b) Does the relationship
between symptoms and subjective well-being predict this impairment, when controlling for
gender, age, and medication use? This quantitative study uses an online survey for data
collection. This study seeks to recruit adolescents with ADHD (aged 13-17) and their parents.