ADHD in the News 2015-08-04

Rewards really pay off for kids with ADHD

Recognition for a job well done means even more to children with ADHD (attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder) than it does to typically developing kids. That praise, or other possible reward, improves the performance of children with ADHD on certain cognitive tasks, but until a recent study led by researchers from the University at Buffalo, it wasn’t clear if that result was due to heightened motivation inspired by positive reinforcement or because those with ADHD simply had greater room for improvement at certain tasks relative to their peers without such a diagnosis.

ADHD: 2015’s Most Important Research

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) continues to receive a great deal of attention from the research community, and new findings are published weekly. But has the new evidence changed our approach to the diagnosis and management of children and adolescents with ADHD? Medscape spoke with two experts about the current state of knowledge, what we still don't know, and what the latest research suggests about the diagnosis and management of this increasingly common disorder.

Picky Eating in Children Linked to Anxiety, Depression and A.D.H.D.

For the last several months, my 3-year-old daughter Annika has been on a steady diet of waffles, yogurt sticks and milk...I had purposefully avoided putting too much pressure on Annika to eat a wider variety of foods because I thought that might backfire and make things worse. I also figured she would branch out eventually, as my older daughter had. But a new study, published in the journal Pediatrics, made me wonder if I should rethink my strategy.

A new type of ADHD? Head injuries in children linked to long-term attention problems

Children who suffer an injury to the brain -- even a minor one -- are more likely to experience attention issues, according to a study published Monday in the journal Pediatrics. The effects may not be immediate and could occur long after the incident. Study author Marsh Konigs, a doctoral candidate at VU University Amsterdam, described the impact as ""very short lapses in focus, causing children to be slower.

Medication may reduce injury risk for kids with ADHD

Children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are less likely to have accidents that land them in the emergency room than those who are not on medication, according to a new study. “In addition to reducing accidental injuries, the medication often is helpful in helping the child do better in school,” said Dr. James Leckman, a professor and child psychiatrist at Yale School of Medicine in New Haven, Connecticut.

A True ADHD Epidemic or an Epidemic of Overdiagnosis?

In 2011, the CDC reported that the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children ages 4 to 17 years was 11%, with 6.4 million children diagnosed with ADHD and 4.2 million taking psychostimulants. These findings represent a dramatic increase from more than 30 years ago, when the rate of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was estimated at between 3% and 5%...I believe that this dramatic increase in ADHD diagnoses is caused by two factors

Adults overdiagnosed, overprescribed for ADD/ADHD?

McGill University researchers are sounding the alarm about a worriesome tendancy when it comes to diagnoses of and prescriptions for attention deficit disorder/attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Le Devoir reports that Quebec health insurance numbers suggest the number of adults being treated for ADHD is more than 25 times higher than back in 1996 and adults are consuming nearly 40% of stimulant medications prescribed in the province. A study by McGill researchers Joel Paris and Brett Thombs says it's observed the same trend in the US and UK.