ADHD in the News 2018-03-15

Prevalence of ADHD Relatively Stable Over Time Despite Increase in Diagnoses

The actual prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) remained relatively stable over the course of a decade, even in the face of increases in clinical diagnoses, according to researchers who published their findings in The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry...Data on 19,271 9-year old twins (50.6% boys) were extracted between 2004 and 2014 from the ongoing population-based Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden and analyzed for ADHD traits using the Autism-Tics, ADHD and other Comorbidities (A-TAC) inventory, via parental report.

Why is ADHD more common in boys than girls?

About one in 20 children are diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) at some point during their school life. Interestingly, for every girl diagnosed, there are between three and seven boys who receive an ADHD diagnosis...Together with a large international team of researchers, I have been investigating the possible explanations for the childhood gender difference in ADHD in a series of studies.

ADHD Meds May Improve Mood in Healthy Humans

New research finds that when healthy people take attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) drugs, the medication stimulates the release of a chemical in the brain associated with positive emotion. ADHD medications cause a surge in the neurotransmitter glutamate in key parts of the brain. Subsequently, this increase is associated with changes in positive emotion.

Parting With Pills: Why Students with ADHD “Share” Medication With Peers

Researchers with Trinity College and Texas State University completed a study to determine not only why emerging adults (EAs) with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) choose to ""share"" prescription stimulants with peers, but also how, and to what effect, EAs with ADHD are approached. The study of 149 EAs with ADHD determined several ""predictors"" to diversion of prescribed medications as well as several methods by which peers seeking prescription stimulants might request stimulants from EAs with ADHD.

Scientists call BPA exposure ‘presumed health hazard’ for hyperactivity

Bisphenol-A, widely used in plastics, receipt paper and canned food linings, is a culprit in some children developing hyperactivity, researchers say, even as federal regulators insist on its safety. A review of more than 30 scientific studies concludes early life exposure to the endocrine disrupting chemical BPA leaves children more susceptible to hyperactivity later in life.

Exposure to childhood violence linked to psychiatric disorders

Investing in diminishing socioeconomic status inequalities and in preventing violent events during childhood may improve the mental health of youths from low socioeconomic status backgrounds. The results showed that having experienced any traumatic event and low socioeconomic status were associated with an internalizing disorder such as depression and anxiety and an externalizing disorder including attention-deficit hyperactivity.

Primary Care and Academic Success Linked in ADHD

Having a regular primary care physician (PCP) may optimize the academic performance in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a recent study found. Researchers performed a cross-sectional study using data from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children’s Health.

10 Things ADHD Is—and 3 It Isn’t

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD, is one of those mental health conditions that has become cultural shorthand in a pretty inappropriate way. Ignoring the fact that “I’m so ADHD” isn’t even grammatically correct, throwing this acronym around to flippantly explain distraction or disinterest waters down the true meaning of this extremely nuanced disorder...To dispel some of the common myths surrounding ADHD, we’ve broken down what the disorder actually is—and a couple things it isn’t, too.