ADHD in the News 2018-06-28

ADHD Higher in Preterm Babies, Especially Girls

Early premature birth may increase the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in preschoolers and inattention symptoms in school-age children, a prospective sibling-comparison study from Norway suggests.

Exposure to air pollution during pregnancy does not appear to increase symptoms of ADHD

Exposure to air pollution during pregnancy may not be associated with an increased risk of attention-deficit and hyperactivity symptoms in children aged 3 to 10 years. This was the conclusion of a new study led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), a centre supported by the "la Caixa" Banking Foundation. The study included data on nearly 30,000 children from seven European countries.

Fabiano’s ‘first job’ training continues work with ADHD adolescents

They’re called “developmental transitions,” and if anyone knows how important they are for ADHD adolescents, it’s UB faculty member Gregory Fabiano, a nationally prominent expert on treating and educating children with ADHD...Now, add to Fabiano’s track record another project that examines what he calls a final developmental transition for adolescents: getting their first job.

This Neuroscientist Explains Why Today’s Kids Have Different Brains

Neuroscientist David Eagleman has a lot to say about the brain, and he’s done so in a lot of places. He’s written bestselling books, given a popular TED Talk, hosted a PBS series called “The Brain with David Eagleman” and teaches as an adjunct professor at Stanford...This week he gained yet another new audience: a room full of thousands of educators as the opening keynote for the ISTE 2018 conference in Chicago.

Prior ADHD, anxiety diagnoses may predict bipolar disorder

Individuals in Denmark who had prior diagnoses of both ADHD and anxiety were 30 times more likely to develop bipolar disorder than those with no prior ADHD or anxiety, according to research findings published in The British Journal of Psychiatry.

Common Psychiatric Disorders Share Genetic Underpinnings

A massive undertaking by the Brainstorm Consortium to analyze the genomes of nearly 900,000 individuals has revealed strong genetic overlap between common psychiatric disorders. These include attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder (MDD), and schizophrenia. Neurologic disorders, such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease, appear more distinct from each other.

Studies Identify Key Genes for Intelligence, Depression, ADHD, and Autism

Intelligence and a sense of well-being may result from just over 1,000 of our genes—as little as 4% of our genome—while depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia could be caused by even fewer, according to two studies published in Nature Genetics on Monday.

Addiction and ADHD

But what about the people who truly do have ADHD? Are they more likely than others to develop an addiction? Unfortunately, the answer is yes. According to American Addiction Centers, adults who struggle with alcohol abuse are 5-10 times more likely to have ADHD than the general population. And up to a quarter (25%) of people in treatment for substance abuse have ADHD.