ADHD in the News 2020-04-02

Review Calls for More Pharmacogenomics Research on ADHD Treatment Response

Despite progress in pediatric attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) research over the past decade, no one genetic variant or currently available pharmacogenomics test has predicted with precision which ADHD medications will be most effective for individual patients, according to a review article published in CNS Drugs.

Early Childhood ADHD Symptoms May Predict Maladaptive Eating Behaviors

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms may be associated with obesity-related eating patterns in early childhood, according to study data published in Pediatric Obesity. The investigators abstracted data from the Newborn Epigenetics Study (NEST), a pre-birth cohort founded in 2005 to examine the effect of environmental exposures on development outcomes.

Video games do not cause or intensify ADHD symptoms in children

Parents of children who play a lot of video games can breathe a sigh of relief: gaming won't cause or intensify their child's ADHD symptoms. "We found no negative consequences for children who spent more time gaming," says Professor Frode Stenseng at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology's (NTNU)Department of Education and Lifelong Learning.

Study Probes Interaction of Genetics and Neural Wiring in ADHD

A new study comparing genetics and the neural wiring of the brain suggests a diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) results from a combination of factors. Investigators discovered that it takes many common genetic variations combining together in one individual to increase risk substantially...The study appears in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging.

First genetic map of the cerebral cortex produced in collaborative effort

A major international collaboration has produced the first genetic map of the cerebral cortex, identifying more than 300 genetic variants that influence the structure of the key brain region...“We found that the genetic variants that are linked to a smaller surface area of the cerebral cortex—or less folding—also contribute to a greater risk of ADHD, depression and insomnia."

Discontinuation of ADHD medications may decrease quality of life for children, adolescents

Children and adolescents with ADHD who discontinued medication experienced a small but statistically significant decrease in quality of life, according to results of a systematic review and meta-analysis published in Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. However, adults with ADHD who discontinued medication did not experience this decrease.

High Risk of Psychiatric Comorbidity With Endometriosis

Women with endometriosis have a high degree of psychiatric comorbidity, according to a nationwide cohort study published online in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology...Women with endometriosis...had increased risk for a later diagnosis of depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, stress-related disorders, substance use disorders, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), compared with women without the condition.

Six Tips for Helping Employees With ADHD Succeed in the WorkPlace

Working to better manage your employees who have ADHD could require a reevaluation of your management practices. The following six management practices will not only offer your employees with ADHD the chance to perform better at work, but they will also help benefit the company overall.

ADHD, Personal Hygiene, and the COVID-19 Pandemic

You might not normally comment if your partner with ADHD doesn’t remember to wash hands, brush teeth or shower. But at the moment, some people are feeling pretty vulnerable due to their spouse’s poor hygiene. Here are two comments I’ve received in the past week:

Impact of personality on adherence to and beliefs about ADHD medication, and perceptions of ADHD in adolescents

Researchers examined if and how personality traits are associated with adherence to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication, beliefs about the medication, and perceptions of ADHD...Findings suggest possible utility of personality assessments in the care and treatment of adolescents with ADHD.