ADHD in the News 2021-09-02

Medication adherence in adolescents may improve cognitive test scores, ADHD

Children with ADHD, autism and other comorbid neurodevelopmental diagnoses who had well-controlled ADHD medication use for 1 year had improved cognitive test scores and ADHD symptoms, according to a Journal of Psychiatric Research study. “Numerous studies have documented efficacy of ADHD medication on core symptoms in the short term, but effects on cognitive development and long-term outcome are less well known,” Mats Johnson, MD, PhD, of University of Gothenburg’s Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Center in Sweden, and colleagues wrote.

Maternal grandmothers’ prepregnancy BMI may impact grandkids’ risk for ADHD

Maternal grandmothers who were underweight before becoming pregnant were more likely to have a grandchild diagnosed with ADHD than women in other BMI categories, a cohort study showed. “There is growing evidence from animal research that peripregnancy exposures can have effects that are passed on to more than just the next generation,” Marc Weisskopf, PhD, ScD, a professor of environmental epidemiology and physiology at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, told Healio. “But this is very hard research to do in humans because of the need to collect data from, and follow, multiple generations.”

Lisdexamfetamine Reduces Symptoms of Cognitive Sluggishness in Adult Patients With ADHD

Lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse, Takeda Pharmaceuticals) has shown early success in the reduction of sluggish cognitive tempo for 38 patients with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to the results of a study published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. It is currently debated whether or not sluggish cognitive tempo—defined as a collection of symptoms that include persistent dreaminess, fatigue, and slow working speed—is part of ADHD or separate from it.

Joy, concern for students with ADHD as in-person learning returns

As another school year starts, families and students living with ADHD are hoping to return to some semblance of routine amidst the disruptions of the COVID-19 pandemic...“Students with ADHD have had a really hard time with the transition to remote learning” during the COVID-19 pandemic, said Dr. Margaret Sibley, an associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the University of Washington and Seattle Children’s Hospital who specializes in ADHD in adolescents. [Audio]

Medical homes may need to improve ADHD care

Patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who had a medical home were more likely to receive medication than those without a medical home but were less likely to receive behavioral treatment or combination therapy, a recent study found...Studies have shown that children’s health outcomes improve when they receive care in a medical home. Therefore, the authors wanted to look at whether children with ADHD who had a medical home were more likely to receive care consistent with clinical guidelines than those without a medical home.

Children With ADHD Are 2.5x More Likely To Fracture a Bone

Fractures account for 25% of all injuries in children and is the most common reason for hospital admission, but the rate is higher in children with ADHD...Based on work by Brehaut et al it’s estimated that children with behavioural disorders have 1.5x increase in risk of injury however this is not specific to ADHD. Therefore a new systematic review aims to investigate the risk increase specifically for children with ADHD.

What to Know About Dyslexia and ADHD

Dyslexia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are two neurological conditions that can make learning more difficult. The former affects 11%, and the latter affects between 5 to 20%, but it’s difficult to estimate precisely. Sometimes, the symptoms of ADHD and dyslexia can be hard to tell apart — as both can cause trouble with reading and writing. But even though the symptoms can appear similar, the underlying reasons for the symptoms are very different.

Homeschooling Your Child with ADHD

For children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), shifting to home-based learning may offer certain advantages over the traditional school environment. This might be especially true if public or private school isn’t meeting their needs. If you’re thinking about homeschooling your child with ADHD, you probably have many questions and concerns...To help you sort through it all, let’s take a closer look at homeschooling for ADHD to determine if it’s something that might work for you and your child.

Researchers look for strategies to support English Language Learners at risk for ADHD

Researchers at FIU’s Center for Children and Families (CCF) have been awarded a $3.8 million grant by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) to find effective interventions for English Language Learners (ELLs) at risk for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Across the United States, approximately 10 percent of students are ELLs – a rapidly growing group in public schools. In Miami-Dade County Public Schools (M-DCPS), the fourth largest public school district in the nation, that figure is more than double at 24 percent.