ADHD in the News 2024-03-07

Fever Episodes Before Age 4 May Raise Risk of Childhood ADHD

Episodes of fever experienced during the first 4 years of life are associated with a higher rate of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis during childhood and demonstrates a dose-response relationship. Results from the population-based case-control study were published in the Journal of Attention Disorders.



Methylphenidate Does Not Impair Sleep in Children, Adolescents with ADHD

Long-term treatment with methylphenidate (MPH) is not associated with a significant negative effect on sleep among children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to study results published in the Journal of Attention Disorders. In fact, patients treated with MPH reported improvements in total sleep score, bedtime resistance, and parasomnia scores at 24 months of use.



Black Boys Less Likely To Be Identified With Special Needs If They Have Black Teachers, Study Finds

Black boys are less likely to be identified with special needs if they have black teachers, according to a new study. Researchers found the connection was particularly strong among poorer students, and in categories where there was more teacher discretion, such as ADHD.



Early vocabulary size is genetically linked to ADHD, literacy, and cognition

Summary: Are genetic factors underlying children's language development linked to later-life outcomes? In a genome-wide analysis, an international research team found genetic associations between children's early vocabulary size and later-life ADHD, literacy, and general cognition. These associations changed dynamically across the first three years of life. Both producing more words in infancy and understanding fewer words in toddlerhood were associated with a higher risk of ADHD.



ADHD: Unveiling a New Intervention Mapping Protocol for Ultra-Orthodox Jewish Mothers of Children

Hebrew University unveils intervention mapping protocol for ultra-Orthodox Jewish mothers of children with ADHD. The study identifies key determinants for health behavior change, addressing issues such as stigma reduction, increased ADHD knowledge, awareness of school system capabilities, advocacy skills enhancement, and maternal self-care. This pioneering approach not only provides a culturally relevant solution for the well-being of ultra-Orthodox Jewish mothers dealing with ADHD in their children but also sets a precedent for future research in creating tailored interventions for diverse and culturally specific communities.



Physical Activity Aids Mental Health in Youth With Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Physical activity interventions improve internalizing and externalizing problems, cognitive function, and psychological well-being among children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs), according to systematic review and meta-analysis findings published in JAMA Pediatrics.



Cognitive Evaluation Necessary Among Children with Eczema, Comorbid Neurodevelopmental Disorders

A cognitive evaluation looking into potential impairment among children with atopic dermatitis (AD) may be necessary for such patients with comorbid neurodevelopmental disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to new findings.1



Should ADHD medications be stopped during pregnancy?

A new study led by The University of Western Australia looked at whether medications used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) should be stopped during pregnancy. Ph.D. student Dani Russell, from UWA's School of Population and Global Health, was the lead author of the paper published in Archives of Women's Health.



Why Do So Many Mental Illnesses Overlap?

A concept called the ‚Äúp factor‚ÄĚ attempts to explain why psychiatric disorders cannot be clearly separated



Prenatal Exposure to General Anesthesia Increases Risk of Subsequent ADHD, Behavioral Disorder Diagnosis

Prenatal exposure to anesthesia can increase the risk of that child developing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other behavioral disorders, according to investigators at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health and Columbia University Irving Medical Center (CUIMC) who published their findings in the British Journal of Anesthesia.1



Smoking during pregnancy may increase the risk of behavioral disorders in newborns, predicts AI

Summary: Although several studies have linked smoking during pregnancy with neurodevelopmental disorders, the results of behavioral experiments in mice prenatally exposed to nicotine have been inconsistent. In a recent study, scientists from Japan developed a deep learning-based framework to automatically observe and classify mice behavior in such experiments, producing more accurate and unbiased results. They show that prenatal exposure to nicotine could increase the risk of autism spectrum- and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorders in newborns.



ADHD Research Roundup: March 1, 2024

In this Research Roundup, we explore new studies on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and its potential connections to risk of mortality, unintentional injuries, and experiences of intimate partner violence.