Those Lovely ‘Mones: The Intersection of ADHD and Hormones

There has been much discussion lately about the relationship between hormones and ADHD symptoms. The key word here is “discussion” rather than “knowledge.” There are a few tantalizing scientific studies that link hormones with neural connectivity in the ADHD brain and subsequent ADHD symptoms. Their precise influence and mechanisms of action are mostly mysteries yet…

Read More

Coping with Sensory Overload

Coping with Sensory Overload

For many adults and children with ADHD, sensory overload can affect relationships. When we are flooded with sensory information, lights feel brighter, sounds are louder, and crowds seem to close in on us. Sensory bombardment and overwhelm can make situations draining and anxiety-provoking. To reduce the effects of overstimulation, we may try to cope by going…

Read More

Understanding and Differentiating Between Autism and ADHD

There is often CONFUSION AND DEBATE regarding the distinction between ADHD and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This article begins with a description and elaboration of their similarities and differences. Then we’ll examine the impact of these two disorders in a four-year-old boy who has this dual diagnosis within a typical classroom, before closing with a discussion…

Read More

ADHD, PTSD, or Both?

It is my tenth month as a clinical psychology fellow in a busy, publicly funded metropolitan hospital. I look over my intake referral for the week, and similar to many referrals I have gotten thus far during my internship, I am being asked to assess a child’s inattentive and noncompliant behavior. Many referrals are made…

Read More

New Guidelines for ADHD and Complex ADHD

AAP Revises ADHD Guidelines by Karen Sampson Hoffman, MA The American Academy of Pediatrics recently released its updated guidelines for the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of ADHD. The updates place a greater emphasis on identifying ADHD in preschool-aged children and on addressing co-occurring conditions in children and teens. The guidelines are written for pediatricians and…

Read More

Beyond “Oppositional Defiant Disorder”

“He’s got oppositional defiant disorder.” Maureen would never forget those words. Her five-and-a-half-year-old son was certainly a handful. At home, Timmy had tantrums all the time. It seemed impossible to get him to do the smallest of things. During the first weeks of kindergarten, he was already getting into all sorts of trouble. He would…

Read More

Understanding Meltdowns: The ADHD Volcano Model

A MELTDOWN CAN SEEM TO COME OUT OF NOWHERE. It’s one of the challenging or explosive behaviors we see in those who have ADHD. Sometimes it appears as poor self-esteem, yelling, rage, or tears. But sometimes the challenging behavior is your own in reaction to your spouse, child, sibling, or friend who has ADHD: “Why…

Read More

Treating ADHD and Emotion Dysregulation

A TENDENCY to experience and express intense negative emotions is among the most significant problems people with ADHD face. Among children, low frustration tolerance, rageful outbursts over seemingly small annoyances, and explosive overreactions to disappointments other kids handle with composure often make peer relationships and family life difficult. These difficulties can lead to a cycle…

Read More

Do Allergies Affect ADHD Treatment?

Allergies

You may struggle with mental clarity if you have ADHD, but an allergy can affect your cognition even further. ADHD comprises many symptoms and often occurs with comorbid conditions, including seasonal or other allergies and sensitivities. Allergies can muddy our ability to think clearly whether we have ADHD or not. I’ve coached many individuals who…

Read More

What If I’d Been Diagnosed Sooner?

PART OF MY ROLE AS A PSYCHOLOGIST is to complete ADHD-focused evaluations for adults. Clients often come to me after their children are diagnosed, and the child’s psychiatrist or psychotherapist recommends that the parent also complete an evaluation. During an initial visit, we review current symptoms, history of those symptoms, other mental health concerns like…

Read More

Treating ADHD and Cannabis Use Disorder

Joyce Cooper-Kahn, PhD, interviews Kevin M. Gray, MD Kevin M. Gray, MD, is professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences and assistant provost for research advancement at the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston. As a child and adolescent psychiatrist and physician-scientist, Dr. Gray is dedicated to addressing youth substance use and related problems by…

Read More